Let’s see the trends in software development that are worth following:
1. Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning operations- Conquering the software world
AI is spreading its wings and is aimed to touch the limits of the sky. It will grab the digital world out of the two-dimensional screen and put it into the three-dimensional physical environment surrounding an individual. In almost every software, AI has become its core component.
AI coupled with machine learning (ML) will change the whole process of developing software. The development of software will shift from creating static logic to creating self-learning and evolving algorithms.
It will save time and resources for software developers. AI-enabled coding apps provide complete automation into the software development chain, increasing speed and accuracy during the coding process.
AI benefits all types of businesses, companies, and enterprises. Examples are
Law enforcement and security agencies can benefit from AI’s image and video recognition capabilities.
AI will help healthcare by efficient and scalable processing of patient data.
Chatbots assist businesses to simplify their customer service operations.
Predictive maintenance in the manufacturing industry powered by AI will improve operational efficiency.
Automate low-end and day-to-day tasks of businesses
Every business, company, and enterprise will try to incorporate Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) into their IT landscape thereby making their software function intelligently. With every passing year, users become more habituated to using AI for daily practices. Now it no longer remains a preferred practice but a must-have one.
TensorFlow — a library for neural network development, developed by Google keeping in mind the rise of AI. TensorFlow, combined with Theano provides developers with a fast environment for building and testing neural networks.
Machine learning will also help in predictive analytics by collecting data on past events, structuring them, detecting patterns and logical relationships, and finding trends that occur most often. It can also help to draw meaningful insight from the dark data i.e. huge raw data collected by organizations.
AI and ML are on the rise and will keep growing in the future.
2. Mobile Applications and their growth
Mobile apps are redefining the whole system of operations of businesses by shifting the physical space toward the digital space. Now businesses can operate and provide services and products to clients beyond their physical premises that are they can operate anywhere, anytime without any boundaries. Mobile apps do not dethrone the physical setups of businesses but provide a digital alternative to customers that will be location independent, people-centric and enhances the customer experience.
Mobile apps have come a long way. Now every business must have a mobile app to cross the physical boundaries and survive in this tech-savvy world. Now, 54.8% of all web traffic is due to smartphones, therefore tagging a mobile website onto an existing design is no longer an option. Businesses need to change this approach and adopt one where mobile comes first. Mobile-responsive design is on the rise and will remain that way for years to come.
Now mobile apps can be native or hybrid both offering advantages as well as having some disadvantages. For startups and small business owners, hybrid development is best because of its simplicity and cost-efficiency. Even the owners of large businesses and enterprises, go for hybrid development for almost a decade. However, it has become evident that to develop an intuitive and complex solution, native development is the best option, therefore native practices are likely to come back.
There is a shortage of app developers due to the growing demands of mobile apps, their quality, personalization, and speed. To overcome this shortage and meet the demands of users Rapid Mobile Application Development tools are used by enterprises. With this technology, people who have limited knowledge and skill in developing a mobile app can also develop mobile applications in a short amount of time. These tools will save the time and cost of hiring mobile app developers.
3. Microservices Architecture – Gaining popularity.
In a microservices architecture, the code is broken into small independent modules where each module can operate as an independent service. The modules are not coupled together and run as a single service as in the case of monolithic architecture. The modules can be built, managed, and changed without altering other modules.
Microservices architecture depicts a new approach to software development where developers break the functionality of whole software into manageable sections and each section performs a single function impeccably. API is used for communication between the modules. This technology is on the rise because it simplifies the deployment and scaling of software.
In the case of monolithic architecture, troubleshooting, testing, and upgradation of the entire software are required in case of faults. However, the fault is singled out, corrected, and redeployed within a single service in the case of microservices architecture. It saves a lot of time and money for both developers and users of the software system. These modules can be scaled easily and can also be reused in other projects.
Several tools are used in microservices architecture in which docker is among the famous ones. In docker, each service or module is encapsulated in a container that has the source code and operating system libraries by which the service can be run in any environment.
This technology provides self-sufficiency, scalability, and lifecycle automation to applications thereby saving significant time while developing complex systems.
4. Rise of Cloud computing.
As of now government organizations and institutes, as well as businesses, enterprises, and startups all are welcoming cloud technology. During the pandemic, businesses prefer to work remotely leading to the rise in cloud services as they can help employees work efficiently even when they’re at home. Now, the pandemic has passed, and the work culture again changed to a hybrid mode where some people prefer to work from home and some prefer to go to the office.
Cloud technology continues to grow, providing businesses with secure and remote data storage, high computing power, cost-efficiency, and automation. Since it has become an essential part of every organization, migrating the whole infrastructure into the cloud and configuring all interactions requires a lot of time and expertise thereby leading to the growth of demand for cloud development services.
With the unbeatable growth in cloud services, Cloud-based CI/CD that is Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery Solutions based on the cloud will be on the rise. They will lead to a reduction in the management overhead and even cost incurred in CI/CD.
Businesses now use distributed cloud technology also called multi-cloud architecture rather than hosting backend services on a single cloud server. In this technology different services run on different cloud providers and at different geographical locations. It means if one of the servers is down, the application will remain operational. There will be no service disruption and user experience will be enhanced tremendously.
5. Internet of things – Thriving day by day
Day by day internet of things is growing and entering the lives of people becoming a part of life. Not only the private sector but the government organizations are also incorporating IoT technology in their IT infrastructure to drive cost optimization and operational efficiency. IoT helps not just businesses but the whole world with predictive maintenance, fleet management, asset tracking, smart meters, self-driving cars, and many more.
The IoT has become a new normal in the industry connecting billions of smart devices to the internet. These growing IoT devices require more and more software development. The demand for IoT devices that can help in monitoring the health of patients at home will skyrocket in 2023 and beyond.
Nowadays, the personalization of software and devices for clients is of paramount importance therefore IoT is extended to the Internet of Behaviour (IoB). IoB tracks and analyzes the behavior of people while they are interacting with apps and devices instead of collecting data from devices. The data will help in creating a personalized user experience to attract more and more customers.
6. What to choose? Low code, No code, or High code development.
It is very difficult to choose between these alternatives. Earlier, software was only developed by software engineers having proper knowledge and high coding skills. Now, with drag-and-drop services, anyone with low coding skills can be built software. Does that mean software engineers have become obsolete and there is no need for them now? The answer is no. Everything cannot be done with drag and drop. The balance between low code and high code lies somewhere in the middle. As of now, low code is in demand but that does not mean the death of high code. Both have their advantages and specialized area where they are needed. It is said that over time, low-code, no-code, and high-code will coexist on engineering teams.
Low-code/no-code will aid businesses to move forward in building their IT infrastructure without a technical resource at every step optimizing their cost as well as efficiency. It simplifies the complex process of software development with flowcharts, drag-and-drop tools, and a visual interface. With these tools, industries can build an app or any other software that they require.
For startups, low code development is cost-efficient as it lessens the reliance on skilled experts. However, for big industries and enterprises, high coding skills are required to design and develop complex software systems.
7. Security – A key concern.
As technology trends are ever-evolving, cyber-attacks are expanding at the same pace. Therefore, the strategy and methods dealing with the concerns of cyber security need to be transformed, it cannot be taken for granted now.
Conventional methods might not suffice the needs of today’s cyber security. It is high time to implement cyber security mesh at each module on the software or an app during its development. Rather than figuring out security issues after the development of the software, the security team and software developers must work together to identify security issues before it is deployed.
Vulnerability Disclosure Programs must be included in the software development to expect, identify and mitigate any security failure.
Cybersecurity transformation is the need of the hour because without a robust security system the digital space of every business across sectors is vulnerable and can be under attack.
Startups who might not be able to hire a whole security team in the initial stage can make use of security apps like VIPRE, Nox, and Lookout to fit their security concerns.
Cybercriminals are increasing and updating their skills and techniques at the same pace as you are updating your technology. Moreover, these technological developments have their own set of security challenges that need to be dealt with by your team. Therefore, you must take extra precautions when it comes to security and save your business from the losses of billions by not taking security for granted.
8. Progressive Web Apps (PWA) – Growing interest in them.
Nowadays, customer engagement is increased and improved by Progressive Web Apps (PWA) which provide user experience as close as native mobile apps. While native mobile apps can cost you a huge amount of money because you have to hire developers for android and iOS separately and maintain two separate code bases, PWAs are less costly because only one codebase needs to be developed and maintained.
Progressive Web Apps are web applications that are responsive, speedy, and secure, moreover, they can work offline. They are available on the web and users don’t need to download them as is the case with native apps. It offers the best of both worlds that is native mobile apps and web apps. They are always up-to-date, likable, and support push notifications.
Startups and small enterprises can make use of PWAs to attract a mobile user base without devoting resources to mobile development apps.
Users want a smooth and secure app experience, but don’t want to download apps as they take up too much space on their phones. Google pointed out that up to 50% of smartphone users choose a brand’s mobile site as an alternative to an app. Therefore, large enterprises can also benefit from PWAs as they are much lighter than native apps. Also, users can simply add the app to their home screen and do not need to download the whole app.
You must follow these trends to keep yourself updated in this modernized world. We will discuss other latest trends in technology in another blog post.